3.2" Hemimorphite Crystal Cluster with Mimetite - Chihuahua, Mexico

 
This is a beautiful cluster of clear hemimorphite crystals on limonite matrix from Chihuhua, Mexico. The hemimorphite crystals are associated with small spherical formations of yellow mimetite crystals.

Hemimorphite is a basic hydrous zinc silicate with the chemical composition Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O. It earned its name from the structure of which the crystals form, through greek terminology. It has two different terminations on each side of the crystal, hence the inclusion of the greek terms "hemi", meaning half and "morph", meaning shape. The crystal formations can range anywhere between a crystal druze or botryoidal formation, to radiating acicular crystals, and more. The color of these crystals have been found to be white, beige, light brown and blue. On rare occasions, yellow and green crystals have been found.

Prior to 1803, hemimorphite and smithsonite were thought to be the same mineral called "calamine". However, following further scientific research, it was concluded that these were two distinct minerals.

Mimetite is a lead chloro-arsenate mineral with the chemical formula of Pb5(AsO4)3Cl. Depending on conditions, during formation/replacement, arsenate radicals (As04) can be replaced by a phosphate (PO4) or vanadate (VO4) radical. This alteration is what leads to the formation of pyromorphite and vanadinite, hence why they're typically found associated with each other. Regularly ranging between red and yellow in color, mimetite can occur in a variety of structures, from small prismatic clusters and crusts, to incredible hexagonal crystals both thick and thin.
DETAILS
SPECIES
Hemimorphite & Mimetite
LOCATION
Chihuahua, Mexico
SIZE
3.2 x 2.1"
ITEM
#103846