Devonian Brachiopod and Eldregeops - New York

This is a small fossil brachiopod (Spinocyrtia), accompanied by multiple partial Eldredgeops trilobites, collected from the Windom Shale of NY. It's Devonian in age, or approximately 385 million years old. It has been prepared under microscope using air abrasives to reveal all of the surface detail. The underside of this specimen also contains a partially exposed brachiopod fossil.

The trilobite Eldredgeops gazed up at a vibrant oceanic world during the Age of Fish. These ancient arthropods are famous for the rich luster of their thick and well-preserved exoskeleton. The prominent shizochroal eye is an exquisite display of adaptation to the competitive life at the bottom of a sea exploding with diversity.

Eldredgeops have very large, separately set lenses without a common cornea. This compound eye is known as the shizochroal eye, and this style of sight is ideal for low light conditions. The unique shizochroal adaptation is characterized by up to 700 relatively large, thick lenses made of the purest calcite. A doublet system of mounted lenses within the eye reduced distortion, while perched eyes promoted a wide field of view.

Eldredgeops is a genus of the order Phacopida. They lived in the Middle Devonian faunal stage called the Givetian, which lasted from 387.7 ± 0.8 mya to 382.7 ± 1.6 mya. Phacopida means "Lens-face.” Members share a distinctive developmental stage lacking segments, called protaspis.

Shale of the Penn-Dixie, belonging to the Hamilton Group, contains shallow, tropical sea fauna of the Devonian. Along a creek in scenic western New York, Eldredgeops are often found enrolled. Prone specimens are a particularly prized treasure.

The Penn-Dixie dig site contains sediments deposited in an ancient Catskill basin of the Kaskaskian Sea. These sediments originated in the Acadian Mountains which were formed by the Acadian

Orogeny when the Avalon landmass collided with North America. Penn-Dixie is on what were the western slopes of a near-equatorial tropical basin with a spectacular array of coral reef denizens.
Eldredgeops rana rana (trilobites), Spinocyrtia granulosa (Brachiopod)
Hamburg, New York
Windom Shale
Brachiopod 1.15" wide
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